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Timeline of UK Housing

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Tudor – 1485 – 1603

tudor house

The Tudor house was defined by its Tudor arch and oriel windows. The Tudor period was the first period to move away from the medieval style houses and was more like a timber framed country house. Today Tudor houses are all listed building and highly sought after due to there location and the amount of space and history involved. Tudor houses are an expensive housing option so be prepared for the financial layout and upkeep costs. If that doesn’t put you off then buying a Tudor house could be a great investment and opportunity to keep English heritage alive.

Elizabethan – 1550 -1625

elizabethan house

Elizabethan houses can be recognised by their large vertical timber frames that are often supported by diagonal beams. The Elizabethan style houses were similar to medieval style houses. These houses were built sturdy to last through the age. The houses were built by the middle class are are today listed building.

Jacobean – 1603 – 1625

Jacobean house

The Jacobean style gets its name from King James 1 of England who reigned at the time. The Jacobean style in England follows the Elizabethan style and is the second phase of Renaissance architecture. May Jacobean houses were very large both inside and out with large rooms for family living.  Common features included columns and pilasters, arches and archades. These features were to create a sense of grandeur. There are many Jacobean style houses on the market today if your lucky enough to be able to afford one.

Stuart – 1603 – 1714

stuart house

One of the most common period property types for country houses. This period house boasted elegant exteriors with sash windows, high ceiling and spacious rooms. The outside was commonly bare brick and flat fronted.

English Baroque – 1702 – 1714

During this period houses were decorated with arches, columns and sculptures and took many features and characteristics from the continent. The interiors were very exuberant with artwork and ornaments in all rooms main rooms

Palladian – 1715 -1770

palladian house

The Palladian era started in 1715 and these types of houses are characterised by symmetry and classic forms, more plain than other eras however on the inside houses were lavish and often had elaborate decorations

Georgian – 1714 – 1837

georgian house

The Georgian house was styled with rigid symmetry, the most common Georgian house was built with brick with window decorative headers and hip roofs. The Georgian house period started and got its name due to the 4 successive kings being named George.

Regency – 1811 – 1820

regency house

The Regency housing style was common among the upper and middle classes from 1811 to 1820 the houses were typically built in brick and then covered in painted plaster. The plaster was carefully moulded to produce elegant decorative touches to give the exterior of the house more elegance.

Victorian – 1837 – 1910

victorian house

Very common even today especially in London. A Victorian house in general refers to any house build during the reign of Queen Victoria. The main features of a Victoria house are roofs made of slate with sash windows and patters in the brick work that are made using different colour bricks. Stained Glass windows and doors were also a common feature as were bay windows

Edwardian – 1901 -1910

edwardian house

Edwardian architecture got its name during the reign of King Edward from 1901 – 1910. These types of houses were generally built in a straight line with red brick. Edwardian houses typically had wooden frame porches and wide hallways. The rooms inside were wider and brighter moving away from the older style houses that were more gothic. Parquet wood floors and simple internal decoration was common also.

How Recent Scandals Will Affect the Catholic Church

Recent scandals that have plagued the Catholic Church have caused such a stir among Catholics and non-Catholics alike that there is sure to be an adverse affect on the church as we know it.

Scandals of pedophile priests have plagued the church for years. Adults have come forward to talk about their experiences. The priests in question have been moved from parish to parish rather than be held accountable for what they have done. The crimes were simply swept under the rug.

Now, the most recent scandal involves the Pope of the Catholic Church, the one who is often called “infalliable”. The latest scandal has revealed that he knew of sexual abuse within the Catholic Church and helped to cover it up.

All of these scandals will affect the Catholic Church in the following ways:

1)A drop in membership

This scandal is sure to result in a drop in membership for the Catholic Church. While it is true that every church has its share of pedophiles that are ministers, nowhere has there been the amount of cover up as there is in the Catholic Church. Rarely do we see the priest in question going before a judge. Now, the Vatican is working hard to shield the Pope from a lawsuit in regard to cover-ups of his own.

2)Unrest within the church

For those who choose to stay in the church, there is a growing unrest which will surely result in some kind of reform from within.

3)A growing lack of trust in the priesthood

For those who enter the priesthood, there is sure to be a growing lack of trust. Gone are the days when we trusted our children with the parish priest simply because he was a man of God. If the recent scandals tell us anything, they tell us that men of God can be pedophiles too.

4)More criminal prosecutions

With the recent scandals, there will be more criminal prosecutions of pedophile priests. Since the Pope is now even being questioned in regard to cover-ups, it will be more difficult for the priests to hide and avoid prosecution. Children will no longer feel the need to wait until they are grown to report incidences of sexual abuse at the hands of a priest.

5)Less men will be entering the priesthood

Less men will be entering the priesthood because of the scandals. Most certainly, any man who had hoped to hide behind the collar of a priest in order to sexually molest children will now be deterred.

The recent scandal involving the Pope of the Catholic Church is a blessing in disguise because it is finally going to bring reform to a church badly in need of change.

Five Consequences to the Catholic Church Scandals

When Pope Benedict XVI made his formal apology to Ireland, many Catholics wrinkled their brows in disgust wondering where the apology was for abuse cases in other parts of the world, like Germany. In Germany alone, 250 abuse cases and 14 priests have recently come to light. Perhaps Papal apology for Germans was overlooked because Germany is mostly secular, unlike Ireland and America. German Catholics only make up a third of that country’s population.

Something that has stood out like a solar flare for me is why priests are required to be celibate. While I respect religions outside than my affiliation-Baptist, I don’t understand why celibacy would make someone a better Christian or leader in the church. Forgive me for being brash, but how can someone be expected to keep their mind focused on God and their loyal church members when they are preoccupied all of the time with the innate and physical need for sex? It doesn’t explain or make an excuse for the pedophilia in the Catholic priesthood. However, one could conjecture that withholding such a powerful physical need from themselves would spell doom and failure of epic proportions.

It is for that reason that I believe that eventually tradition- dating back to the 1st century, will be reversed and priests will no longer be required to remain celibate. Like many other religions, I believe Catholic leaders of the church will be allowed to marry. This will hopefully procure any further issues with sexual immorality-albeit some cases may remain, as no religion is immune to scandals, misfortune, and sin.

Because so many of these cases occurred in religious education sectors, I surmise that same-sex educational institutions will be eventually something of the past. The reason for having these institutions same-sex is to maintain physical purity and focus on religious practices. However, wanting physical interaction with opposite sex is natural; it is in many parts of the Bible. Why then, do we chaste ourselves against that which is a normal part of being human? It is like asking the hungry lion not to kill its prey and instead remain hungry. While it is necessary to have self-control over one’s body and not give into every physical yearning, practicing the opposite extreme of denying oneself from sexual satisfaction is absurd and impractical!

Third, I am certain that the interaction and liaison practices between church and state will become more fluid. In fact, this is already occurring as we speak. Police and investigative agencies have already thrown back the gates that once kept them away from the church and have made their presence known in these cases. Eventually the church will find that outside agencies-secular in nature, will be a common presence both physically and behind the scenes. The Catholic Church will have to answer not only to God for their actions, but to outside policing agencies keeping tabs of abuse cases as they arise. There will be more expectations for moral integrity and responsibility for those who lead the Catholic Church. Cover-ups will no longer be rampant and the cloak of darkness will be pulled away, shedding light into any alleged sexual abuse or other types of abuse that occurs.

I surmise that the fourth consequence to the sexual abuse scandals in the Catholic Church will be a great exodus of membership. Actually this already occurring, as seen in many articles on the Internet. People are disgusted by the behaviors of not only priests, but the Papal cover-ups. They don’t want to be affiliated loosely or otherwise with such revolting and criminal wreckage. People don’t trust their Catholic leaders anymore, and for good reason.

Many wonder how much did the Pope really know?

There is mounting evidence that he knew plenty. It’s unlikely that the Pope will dethroned, so to speak. He will persevere this great historical scandal. However, it will not come without a hefty price. That is the fifth and final consequence to the Catholic abuse scandal. This will surely destroy the Catholic Church financially. So many churches, already hurting from world-wide recession, will inevitably close down forever. It is surmised that the payout to victims of the abuse scandal will reach in the billions. Since the first major scandals broke in the 1980s, the payout to victims has ranged a total of about $300 million to $1 billion.

No doubt this will be a story that journalists and world over will be following for years to come. In the wake of priests being defrocked and the Pope being critically judged, we should not forget the real victims of this story, the ones that truly deserve our focus and attention. The focus deserves to be on the millions of sexually abused children-mostly boys. They are the ones who have had their life’s journey detoured and many times blown up by the callous and unyielding sexual sins of uncontrollable priestly monsters. These men took advantage of their trusted and lofty positions, and preyed on innocent youths whose parents believed that their children were in good hands. These parents and their children will never ever be the same. They can’t just find another job nor have the Diocese they belonged to pay their way out of this scandalous mess. These victims are left with a much more permanent reminder of what happened to them in their formable youth. Shame on the Catholic priests who took advantage of these innocent lives! Shame on the Catholic leaders who knew what was happening and did nothing to stop the abuse cases and the unraveling of the Catholic Church! These men will be judged by a far greater Being one day, and He will not spare his wrath upon them!

Catholic Church Goes Up in Smoke Days Before Christmas

St. Anthony’s Catholic Church in Tishomingo, Oklahoma, was reduced to nothing but a pile of rubble after an electrical fire started early Sunday morning December 21st 2008. Since the 1930s the building had stood across from Murray State College since it was moved from Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.

A nearby neighbor said that they has heard a loud boom around 1 o’clock in the morning and was shocked by the sight of a fire that started in the front entrance and bell tower of the church building.

Firefighters are still investigating the cause of the fire and won’t know anything until the test results come back. It’s rumored that improperly trained new firefighter employees knocked down the church walls without permission before the fire marshal could get to the scene and determine the exact cause. Because of this it may never be known exactly what started the fire. Sources speculate it was electrical, although the fire started at the front entrance.

The losses are expected to come to a total of just over $100,000. Insurance is expected to cover the damages. By the grace of god, no nearby structures were damaged in the fire.

A local firefighter was hurt fighting the blaze by a fallen tree branch and was treated at the scene.

The bell from the bell tower and chalice were the only things that survived the blaze. A small miracle presented itself in the form of what remained in the chalice. Bits of consecrated Eucharist were burnt into the chalice leaving perfect imprints of what the chalice held. The bell was charred and cracked on both sides. A member from St. Anthony’s Church believes that it can be salvaged and used once again. Charred remains and bits of metal are all that’s left of the small chapel that stood for so long.

Father Thomas O’Toole served mass Sunday mornings at St. Anthony’s. One member of the church who is 80 years old has been going to mass there since she was a little girl.

Members of the church plan to rebuild if funding is received. If it will still remain in the same location is still being debated. Plans to add a kitchen and hall are also being discussed. Mass and group meetings are being held at the Sanders home located at 9000 S Rock Creek Road, in Tishomingo Ok.

In tears the members of the church remain strong in faith and hopes for a new church to one day be built, saving the bell and chalice to display in the future.

Catholic Churches in West Hartford, Connecticut

The thriving New England town of West Hartford, Connecticut is home to several catholic churches. These churches are located throughout the town and some of them also feature parochial schools. Some of these catholic churches feature large congregations, while the congregations at others are smaller.

In addition to Sunday mass, most of these churches offer daily mass and Saturday services. Presented here, as a service to the consumer at large, is an article which offers pertinent information regarding catholic churches located in West Hartford, Connecticut.

The Church Of Saint Tiimothy..1116 North Main Street, West Hartford, CT..


This modern – looking catholic church in West Hartford, Connecticut is located in the northern section of town, near the Bishops Corner shopping center. The church is wheelchair – accessible, with a drop – off and pick – up area provided. The parish was established in 1958 and mass has been celebrated in the church since 1960.

Roman Catholic mass is held Monday through Friday at 7:30 am, including during Lent. Saturday mass is held at 8:00 am, Saturday Vigil is at 4:00 pm and Sunday mass is held at 8:30 and 10:30 am. Holyday masses are observed at 7:30 am, 12:05 pm and 5:30 pm and weekday legal holiday masses are held at 9:00 am.

Saint Timothy Middle School, which is situated on church property, is a church – run, 6th, 7th and 8th grade school that is known for its outstanding curriculum. Plenty of parking is available at this catholic church in West Hartford, Connecticut.

Church of Saint Brigid..1088 New Britain Avenue, West Hartford, CT..(860)


Almost 100 years old, Saint Brigid Church is located in the Elmwood section of West Hartford. On weekdays, mass is held at 8:00 am at this catholic church. A Saturday evening vigil is held each week at 4:00 pm and Sunday mass is observed at 7:30 am and 9:00 am. On Sundays, a children’s mass is also held at 11:00 am.

This West Hartford, Connecticut catholic church also maintains a top – rate school, for students in Pre – K through Grade 8. CCD classes are also offered at St. Brigid School.

St Thomas The Apostle Church..872 Farmington Avenue, West Hartford, CT..


Located mid – way between West Hartford Center and Prospect Avenue, which is the Hartford city line, this catholic church features beautiful architecture, stained glass windowsand a magnificent interior.

Weekday mass is held at 8:00 am at this catholic church, with a special mass on Wednesdays at 7:00 am, which honors military personnel. On Saturdays, a regular mass is held at 8:00 am and a vigil mass is held at 5:00 pm. Mass on Sunday is held at 8:00 am, 10:30 am and 5:00 pm. .

The adjoining St. Thomas The Apostle School is widely – recognized as being one of the top parochial schools in the Hartford area.

St. Mark The Evangelist Catholic Church..467 South Quaker Lane, West Hartford, CT.


This West Hartford, Connecticut catholic church is situated in between New Britain Avenue and Park Road,
On weekdays, mass is observed at 9:00 am. A Saturday vigil is held at 5:00 pm and Sunday mass is held at 8:00 am and 10:30 am.

A large parish center is featured at this West Hartford, Connecticut catholic church. Religious education classes are offered at St. Mark’s and several ministries are maintained.

St. Peter Claver Church..47Pleasant Street, West Hartford, CT.


St. Peter Claver Church is located close to West Hartford Center, just off of Farmington Avenue. On weekdays, mass is celebrated at 6:30 am at this modern – looking church. Saturday mass is held at 8:00 am and 4:30 pm and Sunday mass is held at 8:00 am, 10:00 am and 11:30 am all months except July and August.

During July and August, Sunday mass is observed at 8:30 am and 10:30 am.

Several service and social ministries are in place at this West Hartford, Connecticut catholic church and youth religious education classes are offered for students in grades 1 – 10.

Church of Saint Helena..30 Echo Lane, West Hartford, CT.


This catholic church is located close to New Britain Avenue, Westfarms Mall, Corbins Corner and I-84. Mass is celebrated at 9:00 am on weekdays at this modernish church. On Saturdays, mass is held at 9:00 am and 5:00 pm and Sunday mass is held at 8:30 am and 10:30 am.

Religious education for students in grades kindergarten through 10 is offered at this catholic church in West Hartford, Connecticut.